Africa is projected to have the highest urbanization rate in the world with the 50% urbanization rate by 2030 from a 36% urbanization rate in 2010; corresponding to 21% of the world's projected urban population. Such an urbanization rate could result in demographic dividends such as economic growth, poverty reduction, and transformation. Conversely, it could propagate inequality, housing challenges, and urban poverty. Consequently, realizing the targets highlighted below is salient in reaping the demographic dividends of sustainable cities and communities in Africa.

SAFE AND AFFORDABLE HOUSING

By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and basic services for all people in Africa and upgrade slums.

AFFORDABLE AND SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT SYSTEMS

By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems in all African countries, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons.

INCLUSIVE AND SUSTAINABLE URBANIZATION

By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all African countries.

PROTECT THE WORLD'S CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE

Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the Africa's cultural and natural heritage.

REDUCE THE ADVERSE EFFECTS OF NATURAL DISASTERS

By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations.

REDUCE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CITIES IN AFRICA

By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.

PROVIDE ACCESS TO SAFE AND INCLUSIVE GREEN AND PUBLIC SPACES

By 2030, provide region wide access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities.

STRONG NATIONAL AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING

Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning.

IMPLEMENT POLICIES FOR INCLUSION, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels.

SUPPORT LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES OF AFRICA IN SUSTAINABLE AND RESILIENT BUILDING

Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials.